Palmitic acid induces production of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-6, interleukin-1β, and tumor necrosis factor-α via a NF-κB-dependent mechanism in HaCaT keratinocytes.
To research whether or not palmitic acid will be answerable for the induction of inflammatory processes, HaCaT keratinocytes have been handled with palmitic acid at pathophysiologically related concentrations. Secretion ranges of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α), interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β), NF- κ B nuclear translocation, NF- κ B activation, Stat3 phosphorylation, and…Read More
Regulation of Th1 T Cell Differentiation by Iron via Upregulation of T Cell Immunoglobulin and Mucin Containing Protein-3 (TIM-3)
Iron performs an essential position in host-pathogen interactions, in being an important ingredient for each pathogen and host metabolism, but in addition by impacting immune cell differentiation and anti-microbial effector pathways. Iron has been implicated to have an effect on the differentiation of T lymphocytes throughout irritation, nevertheless, up to now the underlying mechanism remained…Read More